I long forgot this until now when I read this list of top ten hardest woods. This is interesting, but it would be really nice if the measurements for some common woods were also included on the list. being the original “ebony.”. Mountain mahogany — Cercocarpus montanus ? Ph: 09 571 0023, Fax: 09 571 0022, Internet: www.jacjay.co.nz, Email: sales@jacjay.co.nz Timber Introduction Trees are man’s oldest natural resource. It is rated "very hard" on the Janka Hardness Scale. 730 Janka is quite soft The reason am saying this is because I can’t find anything related to the Macrocarp species, seems like everyone in the world sees it as being the same as the Colubrina species which is not true. (Wothout takson): With a hardness of about 4 on a 1 to 5 scale, walnut is a rich brown wood that’s easy to work with. Lauraceae Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. I usually use Lignum Vitae but it is very hard to get. Consider Verawood as a very close substitute. I have amassed over 500 wood species on a single poster, arranged into eight major geographic regions, with each wood sorted and ranked according to its Janka hardness. Macrocarpa is a low to medium density softwood, originally from California and introduced to NZ in the mid 1800’s, planted mostly as shelterbelts. As a result it was used by early European settlers as a substitute for lignum vitae for bearings and pulley blocks. All of our native timber is from approved sustainable natural forests. Thanks everyone!! Each wood has been meticulously documented and photographed, listed with its Janka hardness value (in lbf) and geographic and global hardness rankings. Allocasuarina Luehmannii or commonly and easier known as the Australian Buloke is considered as the hardest wood in the world with a Janka harness of 5,060 lbf. Yellow ipe, pink ipe. I wonder what number would Xanthostemon verdugonianus naves would be? Hardwood Timbers New Zealand is a local Christchurch based timber specialist, created to supply affordable hand picked unique Sustainable Hardwoods from Australia and Europe, both recycled and new to our discerning New Zealand customers. my chainsaw 120 hp does not like to cut this ipê. It has been used extensively as exterior decking in New Zealand for about 30 years. $7.95. Blackthorn is not that type of wood. At the time there were a few pieces to be found but not what I needed. If an exceptionally hard and heavy specimen was the only piece tested, this would not give an accurate picture of the wood’s AVERAGE hardness. A special thanks to Ben Vaterlaus for providing the picture of the turned pen. 5 What to consider when choosing a solid timber floor? No Reserve. When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. It’s easy to see what makes Snakewood so unique–its patterns and markings resemble the skin of a snake. Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.These are usually found in broad-leaved temperate and tropical forests. Angiospermae 5. Usually it is the builder, not the wood that makes a poor guitar. So much depth in the Swartzia genus, there’s something for everyone! and multiple test must be done. Mostly in asia facific regions. This wood, which has a red undertone that makes cherry a quite fitting name, sands smooth. Types, Properties and Uses, by Keith R Bootle (Australian Publication), Second Edition I knew that the wood was very dense and hard but never thought it made the list. carving hardness about like ivory. Unfortunately, walnut is somewhat expensive (usually around $8 a board foot), and finding large boards for big projects is getting difficult. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Pieces are very seldom seen for sale, as this tree is too small to produce commercially viable lumber. We supply a range of timber species Kwila,Ipe,Garapa,Jatoba,Purpleheart & Wallaba selected for their ability to withstand the NZ climate while retaining their natural good looks. Should I cut away these areas? This allows even small diameter logs of 15–20 cm, and young ‘teenage’ trees, to be sawn to produce quality timber. Lookalikes/Substitutes: Not to be confused with karri (Eucalyptus diversicolor), a completely unrelated Australian hardwood with a very similar common name. Hardwood decking is cut from trees with a slow growth habit, so they cost more to produce. There are a handful of obscure shrubs and small trees that yield wood which can be extremely hard. We used the wood for burning and fencing . (Swartzia spp.) This wood is water resistant, even from sea water. Some pieces are dark enough to be used as an ebony substitute: one that’s even harder than the original article. … I shamefully cut some quebra hacha at home in Puerto Rico when I was in my teens. $ 13.55 #8 x 2″, 305 Stainless T15 Star Drive Screws. If you have cherry wood, then you are doing great. I mean, you can only imagine the abuse molave woods had through the years of railroad operations and I can say that they were still intact when people dug them out. Some people said that this wood will be stronger if it soaked in water. Wood Finder Search, sort, and filter hundreds of woods from across the globe and break out of the ordinary! These aren’t really that hard but we can say durable at the most. Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight, with a fine, even texture and a moderate natural luster. Hardness is quantified using the Janka Rating Scale, which measures the force required to embed an 11.28mm steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter at 12% moisture content (measured in kilonewtons). Source: FirewoodNZ, www.firewoodnz.co.nz. Because of the difficulty in extracting these large logs, the wood can be quite expensive. Pricing/Availability: The harvesting of standing kauri trees in New Zealand is strictly controlled, and lumber is seldom seen outside of its natural range, with the exception of a type of the wood marketed as ancient kauri or swamp kauri—this wood is obtained from previously fallen trees that have been preserved in New Zealand swamps and bogs. Yakal=shorea astylosa Makes me wish I had a cabin made of ebony. In the southwest hat stuff is infamous for killing saw blades. I’m sure it’d be fine to use for a guitar, but it’d be quite heavy if it were solid. Auger Tips for smoother installation on hard and dense wood like Ipe. There are about 12 species of Agathis trees. Can I use it to make an electric… Read more ». dwarf ipe . Most machining and shaping operations can be performed with a minimum of trouble. Based on what I know: Download our guide for ESSENTIAL information on solid timber flooring. Maybe someone else from Australia can chime in? But I still have my doubts about Buloke’s hardness. Limited supply and high demand make this one of the most expensive woods on earth! Announcing the 2020 Judging Panel! Ash wood may show a similar pattern, but with more complex grain lines that come to a sharp point. Many of the Agathis species can make fine guitars, acoustic and electric. If you could get some scientific / botanical names for those woods, I think that would be very interesting and I’d be willing to investigate. Consider this: the venerable Red Oak (Quercus rubra) sits at only #33 in North America and #278 worldwide for hardness! Like the unrelated Desert Ironwood, Black Ironwood is an excellent choice for small turning projects. What about the “bois d’arc” …..commonly called the bodark tree? Is there a New Zealand-grown hardwood available? I would look alot of BFt if so. Yes, but none of those grow around here. Black maire is hard (probably New Zealand’s hardest wood) heavy and strong, and mature black maire is extremely durable. Durability is … I’ve been working with quebracho, after planing 10 minutes the sole of my plane is destroyed as well as the blade haha. In some parts of the world, this wood has achieved an almost legendary status. by Eric Meier. I WAS TOLD THAT THE WOOD WAS HARD AND GREW VERY FAST. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Widely accepted as the hardest wood in the world–this wood has been listed as an endangered species and is listed in CITES. Many low priced poorly constructed guitars use Agathis wood as it is inexpensive, easy to attain, and easy to work with. We acquire logs, mill and store the timber undercover to air dry for 6 to 18 months prior to dehumidifying in our kilns. But, if you’ve simply got to have the hardest lumber around, then this list is for you! The heartwood is light golden brown in colour. Bought a 2nd 3×24 from Woodcraft, and it’s a golden maple color! Maple grain has broad patterns of differing colors, with fewer sharp edges than oak or ash. I just had rough sown live edge Ambrosia Maple slabs cut. Ordo: There is an archived listing of the top 125 hardest and softest woods, along with a good description of hardness testing by Brinell {steel ball}, Chalais-Meudon {Monnin} {steel cylinder}, Janka {steel ball}. included on a list. Australian desert timber. Glues and finishes well. With yellowish brown sapwood, you might need a strong saw to cut it if you ever find one as it can be only found in the Eastern and Southern region of Australia. No Reserve. Whether you are responding to the vagaries of a new fashion trend in furniture or kitchens, have a need for laminated veneer lumber (LVL), exotic timber flooring, AS/NZS 4357 standard compliant scaffolding planks or F17 Structural Plywood, LumberBank has the solution – backed by a personal ‘can do’ attitude, sound product knowledge and exemplary support. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? I did a poster on Janka hardness which was much more comprehensive, and the wood you mention (Mangkono) ranked #1 for the Pacific Islands region, and #6 overall. Never saw the inside of the nut. If you’re looking for attractive flooring with a natural wood finish that’s easy to clean and quick to install, then a pre-finished engineered floor (also called pre-finished wood floors, engineered wood flooring or veneer floors) may be the answer. It has a highly variable streaked appearance not too unlike, https://www.wood-database.com/worldwide-woods/, https://www.wood-database.com/wood-finder/?fwp_sort=hardness, https://www.nzgeo.com/stories/princely-puriri/, https://ipewoods.com/ipe-vs-other-hardwoods/, https://www.wood-database.com/australian-buloke/. Comments: Kauri are among the most massive trees in the world in sheer volume, rivaling the giant redwoods in the Pacific northwest of the United States. Will these soft areas dry, rot, continue to rot? I’d be interested to know the source where Bootle got his information. https://www.wood-database.com/worldwide-woods/, When are you going to update this article, More than likely it won’t be until I update the site with all the yet-unlisted new species that I’ve acquired in the last few years. Just wondering. Looks like a nice piece, but I’m afraid I can’t be of much help here. District. The iridescence is quite nice. The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. used to make pig pens in Bolivian lowlands. Spesies: Honorable mentions: Leadwood (3,570 lbf), Brown Ebony (3,590 lbf), Ipe (3,510 lbf), Mopane (3,390 lbf), Burmese Blackwood (3,350 lbf), Kingwood (3,340 lbf). I saw a ree, name started with a “P” it has large leaves and some kind of nuts in a cluster, they are green then turn brown. Seems decades ago they made fence posts out of it but know it is protected. Identification: See the article on Softwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features. Eusideroxylon Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! It is a very stable wood, is easily sawn and has relatively low surface hardness, with good working and finishing characteristics and relatively uniform wood properties. To be honest, this article is quite outdated, and needs to be updated. Sapwood typically same color as heartwood. Whilst it does not cover Buloke (Allocasuarina leuhmannii), it may still be of interest because it covers several hardwoods found in western Queensland, uses sound scientific method, and testing was performed in a nationally accredited laboratory: https://rirdc.infoservices.com.au/downloads/04-132.pdf Section 3 covers the mechanical properties, and describes the methodology of the sampling and testing. I work with the four species of ipe In all practicality, a great number of hardwoods are “hard enough” for nearly all residential applications. Some of the indigenous species are of limited practical use for construction applications, and nearly all are in very limited commercial availability. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. I suspect that the Janka number was either for end hardness (rather than side hardness), or it was for a sample that was drier than 12% MC. What wood is suitable high temp (car exhaust) heat insulation? ; 5 Does solid wood flooring have gaps? Hard­wood Tech­nol­ogy is a lead­ing provider of sports floor­ing in New Zealand, with over 180 gym­na­sium floors to its credit. 350 pcs. does anyone know where i can buy black ironwood? HARD WOODS VS SOFT WOOD. So soft that I can press my thumb into it and it feels about the same consistency as a very stiff sponge. They’re some of the hardest woods that are commercially available in temperate regions of North America, but not anywhere near as hard as other species worldwide. Anyone know about this tree? The actual number listed in the wood profile is the amount of pounds-force (lbf) or newtons (N) required to imbed a .444″ (11.28 mm) diameter steel ball into the wood to half the ball’s diameter. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Formerly classified as a member of the Acacia genus, this south African hardwood is a tough customer. Tugas=molave From my experience, data in it has been accurate. The limbs are made of ash, have tried oak and other common hardwoods to the UK but none can stand the strain. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. NZ Wood Resene 2020 Gala Awards Dinner – CANCELLED – Winners announced 2nd April. Acasia=monkeypod In Brazil there are actually 5 species of ipe more and a name change fight and put scientific name Nome Popular: Ipê Branco White Ipe  Tabebuia roseo-alba dry wood floats on water  Pink ipe Tabebuia avellanedae  Tabebuia impetiginosa this wood sinks into the water wood looks : Dipteryx odorata   Purple IPE ipê from the amazon dry wood floats on water Handroanthus avellanedae  Yellow ipe Handroanthus serratifolius popular name ipe dwarf ipe steel ipe black this wood sinks into the water already cut several ipe with chainsaw is there anything in the wood looks like mineral particles looks like micro… Read more ». But there are also certain wood types that just smoke more. Yet the properties of wood – its unique range of qualities and capabilities are Table 3.1 on Page 23 (Page 43/242 in the pdf) shows the average air dry (which it defines as 12% moisture content, tested in accordance with AS/NZS 1080.1… Read more ». I have no reason to doubt the technical information in Bootle. Yes Sir..Mangkono wood is one? Can you supply me with a resource of seeds from those ipe species? 1 Piece Of Figured Real Wood Veneer Start price. Molave, though, is exceptionally durable. Junck­ers means con­sis­tency…View more From the Spanish “quebrar hacha,” which literally means “axe breaker.” Aptly named, wood in the Schinopsis genus is among the heaviest and hardest in the world. I had a connection in Australia. Some pieces can be just about a dark as true ebony, while others are a more reddish brown with black streaks. $ 123.17 Aspiring wood nerds be advised: your syllabus may be calling for Worldwide Woods as part of your next assignment! This page should reflect a more up to date accounting of what I’ve actually processed through: https://www.wood-database.com/wood-finder/?fwp_sort=hardness, There are four types of ipe lapacho in Brazil It’s all in a matter of time. NCSU Inside Wood project Reproduction of The American Woods: exhibited by actual specimens and with copious explanatory text by Romeyn B. Hough US Forest Products Laboratory, "Characteristics and Availability of Commercially Important Wood" from the Wood Handbook PDF 916K : Bahi, sudiang, tingsian, yakal, acasia, tugas, pili, ipil, dao, including mangkono…. Worldwide Woods, Ranked by Hardness Over 500 woods arranged into eight geographic regions and ranked by Janka hardness—all on one 24″ x 36″ poster. Buy Now. I see here https://ipewoods.com/ipe-vs-other-hardwoods/ the hardest decking wood. Thanks this is fascinating. I have several samples of Handroanthus (formerly classified as Tabebuia), and I believe some of them correspond to pink trumpet tree and yellow trumpet tree, but couldn’t find a reference to dwarf ipe. Do you happen to have a botanical name for this “dwarf ipe” species? Finalists Announced! Controlled the colors of the flowers and the trees are totally different In practical terms, a helpful question to ask would be: hard is hard enough? $ 43.11 #8 x 2″, 305 Stainless T15 Star Drive Screws. 100 pcs. Whats the janka hardness of this? Kingdom : Earlywood to latewood transition: gradual, Parenchyma: none; contains resinous tracheids (resin plugs) with dark reddish-brown contents which look nearly identical to diffuse parenchyma. A dried weight of 12 % moisture content 0.444 in ) diameter steel ball halfway a! Can i use it for show or for durability when weight is no... Have a sample of Cuchi ( Astronium urundeuva ), and straight grained with a slow growth habit so. Then this list needs updating imported timber they cost more to produce quality timber been used extensively as decking. By giant sharp thorns maple grain has broad patterns of differing colors, with a resource seeds!, scientific name is Maclura pomifera risks associated with any type of wood.... Clear and knot-less, with fewer sharp edges than oak or ash can use! No odor ) be required reading for anyone enrolled in the regions where the most heat will stronger! Their drum kits an almost legendary status and capabilities are density is measured in kg/m3 at %! Whitebait. ” this country. and GREW very FAST so they cost to. I don ’ t yet have a distinct taste ( but no odor ), as this is. Any Australia species, but with more complex grain lines that come to a grey! Basically a harder and heavier version of Goncalo Alves in CITES you ever seen anything for Keawe — pallida! Good workability, tugas, pili, ipil, dao, including mangkono… steel ball halfway into a of. Calling for Worldwide woods as part of your nz hardest wood assignment shelter ever since he has his! You have cherry wood, then you are doing great wood in the school of wood nerdery perfectly fine depth! Arts weapons years ago ; that dog don ’ t nz hardest wood of much help.. A 2nd 3×24 from Woodcraft, and young ‘ teenage ’ trees to! For everyone the Acacia genus, this south African hardwood is a lead­ing provider of sports floor­ing in New for! Really quite rare and only found in the office closing sale Sylva NC and see a lot them... And hard but never thought it made the list of top ten hardest woods company with mentioned... Soft, softer than alder and possibly even softer than alder and possibly even than. Rot, continue to rot and is listed in the regions where the heat!: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood, it is also one of the hardwood... Infamous for killing saw blades lignum vitae but it is five times harder than any Australia species but! And hard but never thought it made the list of top ten hardest woods in the Swartzia,... Ulin wood ) heavy and very strong choosing a solid timber floor poor guitar maple is,...: //ipewoods.com/ipe-vs-other-hardwoods/ the hardest in Aust by the exaggerated name Patagonian Rosewood, Cebil is listed. In a few pieces to be found but not even close to topping the list the King in country! Worldwide woods: Ranked by hardness and electric seeds from those Ipe species honorable mention but how of! Know the source where Bootle got his information of no concern settlers as a result it was used by European! Times harder than aspen, one of the turned pen verdugonianus naves would be: hard is hard probably... But not what i needed cut from trees with 1 m or 1.2 meter.! ( but no odor ) x 2″, 305 Stainless T15 Star Drive.. Ambrosia maple slabs cut for providing the picture of the wood but still... Don ’ t yet have a sample of wood nerdery as durable regarding decay Resistance ( better other. Living at it ’ s moderate density, along with its straight and grain... 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Very durable, highly resilient and they look and feel great is stubbornly hard, timber! And the tree and rebounding like nothing i ever experienced before ever seen anything for Keawe — Prosopis pallida nz hardest wood... Undertone that makes cherry a quite fitting name, sands smooth to some... The “ soft ” hardwoods harder and heavier version of Goncalo Alves break. Hitting the tree and rebounding like nothing i ever experienced before a completely unrelated Australian with. Along with its straight and consistent grain give it good workability – Winners announced 2nd.... Temp ( car exhaust ) heat insulation a member of the world, article... Wood types that just smoke more Ipe is in the online Wood-Database.com at all the. About 20 bits on a round table no more than a metre across resemble the skin of a snake will... I thought that our name for this “ dwarf Ipe ” species and turned them into fences small business on! I usually use lignum vitae but it is also one of the genus... Of your next assignment cofassus ) is a Solomon Islands tropical hardwood used for decking in NZ i read list. ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES weight of 12 % moisture...., continue to rot substitute for lignum vitae for bearings and pulley blocks forests... Know a company which sells beand New frame which cut trees with m... Wood will be kept private. ) lookalikes/substitutes: not to be updated (! 2Nd April Solomon Islands tropical hardwood used for decking in New Zealand homeowners and architects are increasingly choosing hardwood other... Fuel, tools, food, timber and shelter ever since nz hardest wood has started his.!: Boatbuilding, furniture, cabinetry, veneer, musical instruments ( )! Left to weather it has been accurate testing wood hardness is known as the hardest nz hardest wood available is. Areas dry, rot, continue to rot their drum kits Australia in the Philippines, many nearby railroad dig... Exhaust ) heat insulation business located on the list kept private..... Undercover to air dry for 6 to 18 months prior to dehumidifying our... Investigating it more closely size, kauri is nearly always clear and knot-less, with a of... Want to use maple or birch for their drum kits attractive light-coloured timber which quickly. I wonder what number would Xanthostemon verdugonianus naves would be suitable for use flooring! That dog don ’ t beat hardwood decking timber in Oklahoma used it make. Commonly called the bodark nz hardest wood hickory typically forms consistently straight, with fewer sharp edges oak. Excellent choice for small turning projects Acacia aneura a result it was used by early European settlers a! Other types of timber decking edge Ambrosia maple slabs cut Vitex ( Vitex cofassus ) is a Solomon Islands hardwood... Floors, the finish will get scratched, when the wood was merely colloquial. In Oklahoma used it to make their arrows because they did not.! 5 what is the King in this country. used as an endangered and. Receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc tree and rebounding nothing... Fewer sharp edges than oak or ash ESSENTIAL information on solid timber floor extremely hard living... Nz Ltd is a lead­ing provider of sports floor­ing in New Zealand and. I ’ m afraid i can ’ t beat hardwood decking timber the limbs are made ebony. Know it is very hard to cut down with a regular axe…and some impossible! Practical use for construction applications, and your email will be kept private. ) hardness ratings is determine. The exaggerated name Patagonian Rosewood, Cebil is not a true Rosewood timber Design Awards – ‘ Stage ’. Are inexpensive enough to be honest, this article is quite soft many of the visited... Live in Sylva NC and see a lot of times, especially on floors, the will!
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