This brutal insight clarified everything about vehicle design, leading the Soviets to embrace a methodology that might be called “The Zen of Shoddiness.”. These were disposable vehicles, with disposable human beings inside. The BT-2 on trials. They standardized Soviet tanks and self-propelled guns on just three chassis: the KV-1 heavy, T-34 medium, and T-70 light. The number of workers at the new facility skyrocketed: from 21,000 in 1937 to 40,000 in 1942. Barbarossa to ‘Berlog’ – Soviet Air Force, Rome Military mid-fourth century to the mid-third century BC, Rommel Recaptures Cyrenaica, January 1942, Russian Weapons, that are currently in service…, A Lesson of History: The Luftwaffe and Barbarossa. The Ural facilities were huge: the largest in the world, in terms of manpower committed. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. Production was complicated by the loss of production facilities in the western part of the Soviet Union, and entire factories were moved east of the Ural Mountains to put them out of reach of the Germans. These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. The Suomen Ilmavoimat (Finnish Air Force). Who paid or financed tank,armor,aircraft,war production etc in the Soviet Union during WW2? As workers set up the machine tools again, sometimes in the naked elements until buildings could be constructed, existing plants at Gorky and Stalingrad “kept the lights on” through 1942, producing enough vehicles for the Red Army to continue fighting. What official Soviet history is not eager to talk about is problems of Soviet to increase fast their own oil production from late 1942. Knocked-out Russian T-34 tank on the Eastern Front . In response, the Allied forces upped their WW2 in the East - The Battle Of Kursk. At the start of the war, France had one of the largest tank … The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. T-34 (Soviet Union) This legendary tank was the highest produced tank in WWII and second highest produced of all the time. At the start of the war, the Soviet Union suffered loss of valuable lands with economic and agricultural potential, great industrial losses and human casualties. These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. Foreign light tanks continued to be delivered under Lend-Lease, but domestic production would be replaced by cheaper armoured cars[citation needed] and the plentiful SU-76M self-propelled gun, which was simpler but packed a bigger high-explosive punch. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Soviet Tank Production WWII Posted on June 13, 2020 Unlike the United States, the Soviet Union came into World War II with an extensive tank industry-one the Soviets had unashamedly based on American-style mass production. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. The KV-2 used the same hull as the KV-1 but was armed with a 152 mm howitzer in a huge turret - which could not even rotate on uneven terrain - and was intended for use against fortified targets and infantry. The SU-85 and the later SU-100 mounted high-velocity guns and were designed for anti-tank work. ( Log Out /  Many surviving units are located in Asia and Africa.Popularity was partly due to the thick 45mm sloping frontal armor which was resistant to the panzer IV main gun. In the 30s and 40s the fiction was still operating that Soviet industrial production was far superior to the capitalist alternatives. Stalin signed the order to begin production in April 1940, and by June the first T-34s were rolling off the production line. It even produced ammunition. When it first ap. Military production during World War II was a critical component to military performance during World War II. 2. Perhaps the best known fighters of World War II were tanks. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. This video is sponsored by World of Tanks. What if Eisenhower Had Driven On to Berlin? Learn how your comment data is processed. Production of obsolete weaponsas terminated and that of more effective weapons like the T-34 tank expanded. They used relatively thin steel plate but angled it thus gaining back some of the protection. By 1944, while Chrysler had 19,500 workers engaged in tank production at the Arsenal and subsidiary plants, Tankograd had 60,000 people under its roof, most of them women, teenagers, and old men. Nazi forces were taken by surprise by a new Soviet tank, the T-34, which advanced on German forces ‘ like a prehistoric monster, ’ shrugging off fire from half a dozen German tanks. The T-28 was an older tank reaching the end of its production in 1940, and there were several hundred fielded already. Many new advancements were quickly generated. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. While everyone knows that time is money, the inverse is also true: less money meant less time on the line. The Soviet Union took part in World War II from 1941 until the war's end in 1945. With the T-34 medium tank, for example, manufacturers simplified 770 parts and eliminated more than 5,600 from 1941 to 1943. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The increase was just 2% in 1½ years. The Corps was an organization to assign divisions to for command and control purposes. Despite the Soviet efforts, the IS-3 arrived too late to see service during WWII. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. But later was outflanked by soviet tanks and around 6000 panzer IV tanks were destroyed by soviets from Moscow to Berlin. They computed the average battlefield lifespan of the tank, and reduced costs by not really engineering it where it would last much longer. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. There were also delivered 11,900 tanks and self-propelled guns, which … Building and overhauling heavier armoured vehicles required specialized heavy machinery. ww2 Soviet Tanks Poster. They computed the average battlefield lifespan of the tank, and reduced costs by not really engineering it where it would last much longer. They had carefully studied battlefield data and realized that the average lifespan of a tank on the Eastern Front was less than six months. And they replaced machined parts with stamped metal components whenever possible. In Russian tanks, the things that mattered worked well enough; the things that didn’t were afterthoughts. Paint jobs were lamentably bad; welds often crude-although the Soviets did experiment with innovative technologies. Their main components were produced and assembled in facilities which also built heavy tractors, artillery, locomotives, and ship components. Historical background 1. Soviet high command had examined and rejected the 100mm D-10s Gun for the IS2, despite its very high penetration, as it was not able to provide the high explosive support needed against soft targets.[32]. ( Log Out /  World War II German Field Marshall Ewald Von Kleist was more succinct. However, it was the first truly indigenous Russian design and one of the first medium tanks ever built in the world, at least in a large-scale series. I could go on (1.5 million km of telephone cable! The KV-1 (after Kliment Voroshilov) was armed with a 76 mm gun; as with the T-34, the length of the gun was increased during production. An interesting table of production and deliveries of T-62 tanks to the Soviet Army at the Ural Carriage Works in 1962-1973, as well as the receipt of other types of tanks in the Soviet Army during that period (from the book by SV Ustyantsev "Ural Car Building Works, 80 Years" ., taken from the web resource otvaga2004.mybb.ru). StarMedia. The T-34/76 was designed in 1940 as a multi-purpose vehicle, intended to take advantage of breakthroughs in enemy lines. Topic: Soviet Tank/Mech Corps In WWII (Read 54642 times) Mad_Russian. Armoured vehicles under about 15 tonnes could be produced and rebuilt in many light industrial installations, such as automotive, streetcar, and light tractor factories. T-34 production figures from battlefield.ru: This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 22:56. Knocked-out Russian T-34 tank on the Eastern Front . Zaloga and Ness ( 2003), Red Army hand book, Sutton publishers Ltd. This legendary tank was the highest produced tank in WWII and second highest produced of all the time. List of armoured fighting vehicles of World War II, Soviet armored fighting vehicle production during World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Soviet_combat_vehicle_production_during_World_War_II&oldid=994481132, World War II armoured fighting vehicle production, World War II armoured fighting vehicles of the Soviet Union, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. But Tankograd and the other Ural facilities poured out vehicles. Quite the opposite: the T-34 was a great tank. The T-26, the most widely produced tank of the thirties. During that disastrous summer, the invaders had captured, besieged, or threatened the Soviet Union’s western industrial cities. Over the course of the war, the Allied countries outproduced the Axis countries in most categories of weapons. World War II was the first time that tanks were seriously incorporated into warfare. masqqqq Member Posts: 52 Joined: 26 Mar 2007, 20:15 Location: Poland. From an emasculated industrial base that left the Soviets under-producing Germans in coal and steel by a ratio of one to four, Soviet factories turned the tables, out-producing Germany nearly three to one in tanks during the vital 1942-1943 period. And they kept production runs long and design changes to a minimum, implementing a change only if it made a vehicle simpler or cheaper to manufacture. The coverage highlighted the role of medium tanks, like the Soviet T34 (Figure 1) and the German Panzer Mk V (aka Panther [Figure 2]), and heavy tanks, like the German Panzer Mk VI(aka Tiger I). German Tank Production in World War 2 ... Soviet Storm. Солянкин А.Г., Павлов М.В., Павлов И.В., Желтов И.Г. In six months, the U. S. S. R. effectively lost 40 percent of its gross domestic product and population, and 60 percent of its coal and steel production. Soviet and German production and losses of tanks on the Russian Front from 1941 to 1945 and could the Red Army have won the war alone ? Combat experience in the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), the Battles of Khalkhin Gol (1939) and the Winter War (1939–1940) showed the Soviet military that light tanks (such as the T-26) were too lightly armored and that multi-turreted tanks (such as the T-35) were inferior to single turret tanks which guided the switch to the later vital T-34 medium and KV-1 heavy tanks. The SU-152 was a 152 mm howitzer, casemate-housed on a KV-1S hull. It was first seen in public at the Allied Victory Parade in Berlin on September 7, 1945, when the advanced design of the new tank astonished the Soviet’s Western allies. 1st Guards Breakthrough Heavy Tank Regiment from the 11th Guards Tank Corps, 1st Tank Army, 1st Ukrainian Front, Ukraine, March 1944. In the face of this disaster, Russia hurriedly rushed equipment and skilled workers from hundreds of factories onto trains and sent machines and men east to the Ural Mountains. This tank grabbed the hearts, souls, and imaginations of the Soviet people and foreign military attachés alike. In combat, tank lifespan was about 14 hours. The Soviet T-26 Tank served in Spain, Finland, and the early part of WWII. ( Log Out /  Medium self-propelled guns were reasonably successful in the pure antitank role, but larger-calibre guns would become more common on heavier chassis, which could better handle their heavy recoil and carry an adequate provision of their large ammunition. None of this should imply that Soviet tanks were poorly designed. Figures are up until the first half of 1945 and only include new production. This battle may have been the greatest clash of armored forces in history. Most were driven by standard automotive engines. And as workers learned the intricacies of assembling the same vehicle over and over, assembly time went down, too. Components were machined more quickly. One principle the Russians adopted with a vengeance from the Americans was planned obsolescence. The IS-3 saw minimal combat service. It cast steel and armor; produced the engine, transmission, and other components; and assembled the vehicle. Around 84,000 were built by Soviet Union and one of the longest existing tanks ever manufactured. Captain Offline Posts: 1320 Co-founder of WaT. Taken together, the overall labor cost of the vehicle plummeted. The Soviets weren’t dummies. 3. From its first appearance in the skies over the battlefields in 1944, the Yak-3 became a true headache for German pilots. Alf van Beem/Wikipedia Although the Soviet improvised NI-1 tanks, hastily made out of tractors, had little chance in a battle with German troops, they terrified their Romanian allies. In general, Soviet tanks had less interior space than the tanks of other nations (which made them smaller targets) - this was possible because the Red Army only employed soldiers of small stature in their tank forces. Although the Soviet Union had a large force of combat vehicles before the German invasion, heavy losses led to a high demand for new vehicles. The IS-3 was an IS-2 with new, advanced hull and turret armour. Its firepower, protection, and mobility surpassed any AFV the Germans fielded until the end of 1942. Unlike the United States, the Soviet Union came into World War II with an extensive tank industry-one the Soviets had unashamedly based on American-style mass production. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. KV-85 was a KV-1S fitted with an 85 mm gun in the same turret as the IS-1. True, the tank’s loader had to scramble around inside the hull, because the T-34 had no turret basket in which he could sit. The Soviets realized they could machine those components to looser tolerances, using lower-quality metals. The ISU-122 and ISU-152 were self-propelled guns on casemate-fitted IS hulls. It was one of the most successful inter-war Soviet tanks, thanks in part to a wide range of variants. Fighting versions carried 37mm or 45mm guns or even flamethrowers. In time the truth caught up with them. Not shown here are armoured cars, aerosans, artillery tractors and armoured trains. This led to an effort to minimize railway freight tonnage, which in turn powered an emphasis in Russian factories on centralization and vertical integration- meaning that the Russians concentrated more of the entire process, from manufacture of subcomponents to final assembly, at individual factories. The Soviet Union had 25,664[2] or 25,481[3] armoured fighting vehicles on 1 June 1941 before it entered the war. The British annual production figures of the main arms and military equipment (without ammunition) duringWW2 from 1939-1945: Arms Production: Raw material production for the military weapon production above: Annual strategic raw material production (m. metric tons): Russian arms production during WW2 amounted to 99,150 armored vehicles (including all kinds of assault guns, tank destroyers and self-propelled guns) from June 1941 to May 1945. back to Part I: Russian vs German AFVs in WW II Viewed this way, there was no sense in building a tank engine or transmission good for more than 1,500 kilometers (932 miles); the tank would be dead by then. 12th Guards Heavy Tank Brigade, Dukla pass, Slovakia, September 1944. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Солянкин А.Г., Павлов М.В., Павлов И.В., Желтов И.Т. Taken together, the overall labor cost of the protection production given for the in... And that of more effective weapons like the T-34 medium tank, example. 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